Facts you should know
India, that is Bharat, lies in South Asia between latitudes 8 degree 4'
and 37 degree 5' North and longitudes 68 degree 7' and 97 degree 25' East.
It is bound on the South-West by Arabian Sea and on the South-East by the
Bay of Bengal. On the North-East & North-West lie Himalayan ranges.
The Southern tip, Kanyakumari is washed by the Indian Ocean.
It covers a total land area of 32,87,782 sq. kms., measuring 3214 kms.
from North to South and 2933 kms. from East to West. It has a land
frontier of 15200 kms and a coast line of about 6100 kms. excluding
Lakshdeep, Andaman & Nicobar islands.
Total number of
Total number of U.T's:-
Constitution :- The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent
assembly on 26th Nov, 1949 and came into being on 26th January, 1950.
facts & tips:-
- The first President of Constituent assembly was Dr.
- The Chairman of the Constituent assembly was Dr.
- The draft constitution contained 315 articles
& 8 schedules.
- The final constitution came with 395 articles
& 8 schedules.
PREAMBLE of the constitution reads as :- WE
THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having resolved to contitute India into a
SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
and to secure to all its citizens
JUSTICE social, political and economical;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, faith,
belief and worship;
EQUALITY of status & of opportunity;
to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring
the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of nation.
One Hundred Crore (approx. +50 per second)
267 per sq. kms
Males:- 63.86%, Females:- 90.5%
Its highest in Kerala and lowest in Bihar
Among women, lowest literacy rate is 20.84% in Rajasthan.
Sex Ratio:- 929
fair sex/1000 males
State:- U.P. having 16.44% of total population.
flag is a horizontal tricolour in equal proportion of deep saffron on the
top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. The ratio of the
width to the length of the flag is two is to three. In the centre of the
white band, there is a wheel in navy blue to indicate the Dharma
Chakra, the wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion Capital. Its diameter
approximates the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes. The saffron
stands for courage, sacrifice and the spirit of renunciation; the white,
for purity and truth; the green for faith and fertility. The national flag
was adopted by the constitutent assembly on 22nd July 1947.
song ' Vande Matram' composed by Bankim
Chandra Chatterjee is the national song of India. It was first sung
at the session of the Indian National Congress in 1896.
There are very few tigers left in the world today. A decade ago the tiger
population in India had dwindled to a few hundreds. The Government of
India, under its Project Tiger programme, started a massive effort to
preserve the tiger population. Today, thanks to Project Tiger, India's
population of tigers has considerably increased.
National Bird:- Peacock
Male bird of species P. cristatus, is a
native of India, with striking plumage and upper tail converts marked with
iridescent ocelli, able to expand its tail erect like fan as ostentatious
display. Peacocks are related to pheasants.
The Lotus or waterlily is an aquatic plant of
Nymphaea with broad floating leaves and bright fragrant flowers that grow
only in shallow waters. The leaves and flowers float and have long stems
that contain air spaces. The big attractive flowers have many petals
overlapping in a symmetrical pattern. The root functions are carried out
by rhizomes that fan out horizontally through the mud below the water.
Lotuses, prized for their serene beauty, are delightful to behold as their
blossoms open on the surface of a pond. In India the sacred lotus is
legendary and much folklore and religious mythology is woven around it.
National Fruit:- Mango
fleshy fruit, eaten ripe or used green for pickles etc., of the tree Mangifera
indica, the mango is one of the most important and widely cultivated
fruits of the tropical world. Its juicy fruit is a rich source of Vitamins
A, C and D. In India there are over100 varieties of mangoes, in different
sizes, shapes and colours. Mangoes, have been cultivated in India from
time immemorial. The poet Kalidasa sang its praises. Alexander savoured
its taste, as did the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang. Akbar planted 100,000
mango trees in Darbhanga, known as Lakhi Bagh.